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2. Khorasan in 10th - 12th centuries
Introduction
This map shows Khorasan, Transoxiana and Kwarezm in 10th - 12th centuries. That means the era of the Ghaznavid and the Ghorid dynasties. Louvre has named this map "Eastern Iran", wherein the word Iran either refers to Ancient Iran or Aryana, or it is probably a replacement for Persia. But we will not get into those details here. The fact is that though Khorasan was part the pre-Islamic Persian empires of the Achamenids and the Sasanids, after the emergence of Islam the situation was turned around. Then it was Persia or today's Iran, which became part of different empires and dynasties that rose from Khorasan, or whose capitals were Khorasanian cities. Examples could be the Samanids, the Ghaznavids, the Ghorids and the Temurids of Herat. But for the west the name did not change. It was always Persia and later -after 1935- Iran! But that's a discussion for another time.
Any way, what is important in this map is that here Khorasan is even wider. It reaches the Indus river, covers parts of Balouchistan and reaches the Arabian sea. It is also worthy of noticing that here the name of our northern neigbour, Soghdiane, has been changed to Transoxiane (Mawara-un-nahr), by the Arabs.
  
  
  
  





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